The Royal Court Of Jersey

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the Royal Court of Jersey

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Glossary

Bailiff
The Bailiff is the Chief Justice (principal judge or president) of the Royal Court.

Deputy Bailiff
Deputy to the Bailiff and has the same powers as the Bailiff.

Master
Judge of the Royal Court who deals with pre-trial applications in civil cases.

Commissioners
Commissioners are legally qualified persons appointed by the Bailiff under the provisions of the Royal Court (Jersey) Law 1948 to sit as judges of the Royal Court in both civil and criminal cases. They are part-time Judges and when presiding in court, they have the same powers as the Bailiff.

Jurats
Amongst other responsibilities Jurats decide on sentences following a guilty plea or conviction. The Inferior Number of the Royal Court consists of a Judge (Bailiff, Deputy Bailiff or Commissioner) sitting with two Jurats and may impose a custodial sentence of up to four years. The Superior Number consists of a Judge sitting with at least five Jurats. A maximum of 12 Jurats can sit at one time.

Jury
Individuals selected randomly to decide the verdict in a trial.

Judicial Greffier
Clerk to the Royal Court.

Judicial Greffe
Office of the Judicial Greffier. Provides administrative and secretarial support to ensure the effective operation of Jersey’s Courts.

Viscount
Executive Officer of the Royal Court (and Coroner in UK terminology). Responsible for ensuring the decisions of Jersey’s Courts and States Assembly are carried out.

Centenier
An honorary police office who has the power to charge an accused and present the accused before the Magistrate’s Court at the earliest possible opportunity.

Indictment
An indictment is a document signed by Her Majesty’s Attorney General which sets out the statement and the particulars of the offence(s) with which the accused is charged.

Assize trial
Equivalent of Crown Court trial in England and Wales.

Directions Hearing
(Similar to UK law.) A hearing designed to ensure that cases are dealt with efficiently and any matters of law or issues are dealt with prior to the trail.

HM Attorney General
Responsible for bringing the prosecution.

Connétable
There is a Connétable (elected representative) in each of the 12 Parishes and they are elected by the Parishioners of their respective Parishes. Connétables have a seat in the States Assembly and like other members have a right to speak and vote.

Billet
Document on which the indictment (charges against the accused) is set out together with names of the prosecution and defence witnesses.

Magistrate’s Court
Performs the same role as a Magistrates’ Court in England and Wales.

Royal Court
The principal Court in Jersey. Hears both civil and criminal cases.

Samedi Court
(Formally held on a Saturday, now held on a Friday). Deals with both civil and criminal matters. The Samedi Court sits at 10am on a Friday when new criminal cases are first presented.

Terminology

Mutatis Mutandis
Like for like

Procureur du Bien Public
Two Procureurs are elected by parishioners for each of the 12 parishes in the Island. Parish finances are raised by means of rates payable by parishioners. The function of the Procureurs is to ensure that the parish finances and accounts are in good order and that the parish delivers value for money.

Loi
Law